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Caldcluvia paniculata Cunoniaceae S South America. Evergreen tree with fragrant flowers.
Calendula suffruticosa (Compositae) - W Mediterranean
Calicotome villosa Papilionaceae Med. shrubberies.Spreads strongly after fires.
Calliandra californica Mimosaceae California
Callicarpa americana Verbenaceae Woodlands in SE USA. Ornamental cut flower
Callistemon pallidus Myrtaceae Australia
Callistemon phoeniceus Myrtaceae Australia
Callistemon speciosus Myrtaceae Australia
Callitris endlicheri Cupressaceae E Australia. Scattered on stony hills & sandy slopes. Ornamental.
Callitris huegelii Cupressaceae Throughout inland Australia. Valued for its hardiness & used for timber.Ornamental
Callitris preissii Cupressaceae Australia: Woodlands, on sand dunes,sandy soils near sea level in mallee regions.
Calocedrus decurrens Cupressaceae W North America. Montane forests, 300-2800m. Major source for pencil stock in the USA
Calothamnus quadrifidus - Myrtaceae W Australia. One of 25 species in endemic genus confined to WA. Ornamental flowers on previous year"s growth. (photo)
Calpurnia aurea Papilionaceae east S. Africa.Forest, forest margins & stream vegetation. One of the first S African plants to be grown as an ornamental in Europe.
Calycanthus fertilis Calycanthaceae SE.USA
Calycanthus floridus Calycanthaceae Woodlands of SE North America. Aromatic bark dried & used as a substitute for cinnamon.
Calycanthus floridus Calycanthaceae Woodlands of SE North America. Aromatic bark is dried & used as a substitute for cinnamon.
Camellia japonica (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=19&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_0904224719
Campanula peregrina - Campanulaceae E Mediterranean. Very rare in N Israel (photo)
Campsis radicans Bignoniaceae SE North America. Woods & thickets. Ornamental deciduous climber.
Carex pendula Cyperaceae Europe
Carissa macrocarpa Apocynaceae E.Southern Africa.Coastal bush, never far from the sea.Whole fruit is edible & rich in vitamins.
Carpinus betulus Corylaceae C.& SE.Europe,Caucasus,N.Anatolia & N.Iran.Deciduous forests with beech,oak & chestnut trees.
Carpinus caucasica Betulaceae Europe to Asia Minor
Carya ovata Juglandaceae E North America. Dry slopes in fertile, well drained soils of lowland valleys. Nuts edible.
Cassia sturtii (Caesalpiniaceae) - Widespread throughout inland Australia. Some forms very decorative & make ideal garden shrub (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=20&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_0904224719
Castanea sativa Fagaceae Med.to Caucasus.Woodland,on well drained acidic soils.Grown in Botanic Garden from seeds obtained from natural stand on limestone area in S.France.
Casuarina campestris Casuarinaceae SW West Australia. Prefers gravels & granites
Casuarina stricta Casuarinaceae S Australia & Tasmania. Exposed coastal cliffs, dunes,and rocky outcrops. The hard wood was used by Aborigines for weapons. Archaeologists found a boomerang 10,000 years old made from this wood .
Catalpa bignoniodes Bignoniaceae S USA. Rich moist soils by rivers & streams. Deciduous. Flowers sweet scented. Ornamental, with some medicinal uses.
Catalpa speciosa Bignoniaceae C North America, naturalized in SE USA. Moist valley soils by streams.Valuable timber tree.
Catharanthus roseus Apocynaceae Tropics
Ceanothus arboreus ( Rhamnaceae) - Islands of California. One of 40 Ceanothus species native to California. Lilac coloured Spring- flowering ornamental (photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=22&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_0904224719
Cedrus atlantica (Pinaceae) - Atlas Mts.N.Africa (photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=22&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643
Cedrus brevifolia Pinaceae Cyprus mountains
Cedrus libani - Pinaceae Lebanon,NW Syria,SC Turkey (photo)
Ceiba pentandra - Bombacaceae S America. Seed hair used for pillow and blanket stuffing (photo)
Celosia spicata Amaranthaceae Tropical. Common name refers to flowers massed in upright plumes.

Celtis africana - Ulmaceae E South Africa & Cape Province. White wood has unpleasant smell when cut, hence the common name. Wood believed to have protective, magical properties. (photo)

Celtis australis - Ulmaceae S Europe, N Africa, Middle East & W Asia. Drought resistant shade tree. (photo)

Celtis caucasica Ulmaceae Caucasus, Asia Minor to Afghanistan. Steppe deciduous forests. 0-2500m.

Celtis reticulata Ulmaceae S North America . Deciduous. Dry limy hillsides & canyon slopes. Sweet, edible fruits were important food for Indian tribes

Celtis tournefortii (Ulmaceae) - SE Europe to Asia Minor. 300-2300m. Dry warm mt slopes. Drought tolerant ornamental with attractive autumn foliage (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=24&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643

Centaurea cyanoides Compositae Protected in Israel. Cultivated first in the Jerusalem Botanical Garden and used as an ornamental since. Common in the E Med.

Cerasus erythrocarpa (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=24&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_0904224719

Cerasus mahaleb Rosaceae Europe to Caucasus

Cerasus microcarpa ( Rosaceae) - SW Asia (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=25&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_0904224719

Ceratonia siliqua - Caesalpiniaceae Med.Dry rocky places,scrub.The large seeds were the original " carats " used by jewellers.Pods used to make carob chocolate. (photo)

Ceratotheca triloba Pedaliaceae E.Cape province of S Africa. Annual or biennial herb used in traditional medicine.

Cercidium floridum Caesalpinaceae SW North America. Deserts & desert grasslands. Retamoid: leaves are mostly absent, photosynthesis is performed by the blue-green branches

Cercis canadensis Caesalpinaceae E North America. Understorey & forest edges. Ornamental, drought tolerant. Similar to the Med. Judas Tree

Cercis griffithii Caesalpiniaceae Afghanistan to Caucasus.Very similar to Cercis siliquastrum of the Med.scrub,except smaller in dimensions.

Cercis occidentalis Caesalpinaceae W. USA

Cercis siliquastrum Caesalpiniaceae E.Med.Greece to Israel.In the Christian tradition this is the tree upon which Judah Iscariot hung himself.

Cercocarpus betuloides (Rosaceae) - W North America. Dry foothills & mt.slopes. Wood used by Indians for tools & weapons. Bark used in traditional medicine & to produce purple dye (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=27&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643

Cercocarpus ledifolius Rosaceae W USA: Rocky Mts. Scrub & forests, on rocky outcrops. Evergreen, drought tolerant.
Cestrum parqui Solanaceae Chile

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ( Cupressaceae) - W USA: coastal SW Oregon & NW California. Moist forests,0-1500m. Used for timber. Ornamental tree in Europe. (photo)

Chamaecyparis thyoides Cupressaceae E.USA. Coastal swamp forests. Common name reflects range on the Atlantic coastal plain & its light coloured wood. Ornamental, with many cultivars.

Chamaecytisus proliferus ( Papilionaceae) - Canary Islands.Forest zone. (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=28&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643

Chamaerops humilis (Palmae) - Iberian Peninsula & N.Africa,eastwards to Italy,Malta.Scrub,sandy & stony habitats,generally close to coast.One of two palms native to Europe.Cultivated for ornamental value.(photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=29&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643

Cheirolophus canariensis Compositae Canary Islands.

Chilopsis linearis Bignoniaceae SW USA & N Mexico. Riverbanks & low desert areas. Indians used wood for bows & baskets. Ornamental.

Chitalpa tashkentensis ( Bignoniaceae) - Hybrid of Catalpa bignonioides (E.USA) and Chilopsis linearis (SW USA.), created in Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Ornamental

Chrysanthemum paludosum Compositae Spain & Portugal

Cissus tweediana Vitaceae S America

Cistus albidus Cistaceae W.Med.species from N.Africa to Italy.Scrubberies.Belongs to Rockrose family.

Cistus creticus Cistaceae Widespread in Med.region scrub.Exudes a gum,Ladanum,used in perfumes & medical pastes.

Cistus heterophyllus Cistaceae SE Spain & NW.Africa.

Cistus ladanifer ( Cistaceae) - SW. Europe,N.Africa.Aromatic & very sticky shrub (photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=27&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_0904224719

Cistus laurifolius Cistaceae SW. Europe
Cistus monspeliensis Cistaceae Common in W.Med.Rocky scrub.
Cistus psilosepalus Cistaceae Portugal & W.Spain.
Cistus symphitifolius Cistaceae Canary Islands
Clematis songarica Ranunculaceae Mongolia, S Siberia & Turkestan
Clematis vitalba Cistaceae Europe,Lebanon,Caucasus,N.Iran
Clerodendrum glabrum Verbenaceae E.Southern Africa.Bushveld & forest margins.The flowers attract numerous insects,particularly butterflies.Leaves used medicinally for a range of treatments.
Cneorum tricoccon Cneoraceae Med.Spain eastwards to Italy.Rocky scrub or woodland.Evergreen shrub.
Coffea arabica Rubiaceae Ethiopia & Sudan
Colchicum autumnale Liliaceae E Med. - Israel to S Turkey & Cyprus
Coleonema pulchrum Rutaceae SW Cape of S.Africa.Endemic evergreen shrub with aromatic feathery,heath like foliage.
Colutea cilicica (Papilionaceae) - W & C Asia, including Mt Hermon (photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=33&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643
Combretum bracteosum Combretaceae E. S Africa. Dune forest or margins of evergreen forest, seldom far from the sea.
Combretum erythrophyllum Combretaceae E.Southern Africa.Along riverbanks.Browsed by giraffe & elephant.Wood used as a general purpose timber & gum from stems used as a varnish.
Combretum krausii Combretaceae E. S.African forests.Young pliable stems used in basket making. Medicinal uses.
Combretum mossambicense Combretaceae Tropical Africa.Low altitude bushveld & thicket,often near rivers or on termitaria.
Commiphora dulcis Burseraceae
Conospermum taxifolium Proteaceae E.Australia
Cordia caffra Boraginaceae E South Africa. Coastal evergreen forests & scrub.
Coreopsis grandiflora Compositae C.& SE. USA
Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae Mediterranean annual plant. Both leaves and seeds are used as condiments but also for treating the digestive tract. They alleviate headaches and rheumatic pains and they help relieve mouth, gum and eye inflamations.
Cornus darvasica Cornaceae C. Asia
Cornus florida Cornaceae E & C USA. Deciduous woodland. Famous flowering ornamental with many varieties .

Cornus sanguinea - Cornaceae Europe & W.Anatolia.Mixed woods & scrub.Grey-blue dye derived from fruits used in leather dyeing.Seed oil used for soaps & lighting fuel. (photo)
Coronilla glauca ( Papilionaceae) - Mediterranean,N.Africa(photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=34&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643
Coronilla valentina Papilionaceae Mediterranean,S.Portugal
Corylus colurna Corylaceae SE.Europe to W.Asia.Shady mixed forests. Used in furniture. Occasionally cultivated for its edible seed & oil. Hybridized with Common Hazel for superior fruiting cultivars.

Cotinus coggygria - Anacardiaceae SE.France to Turkey.Open woodland & scrub on limestone soil.Common name derived from thread like sterile flower branches (photo)http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_2511000651.phtml?pix=97&p_ident=lalbum_2511000651.p_2511110803
Cotoneaster hissarica Rosaceae Central Asia
Cotoneaster nebrodensis Rosaceae W. Mediterranean.
Cotoneaster saxatilis Rosaceae C. Asia
Cotoneaster songaricum Rosaceae C. Asia
Cotyledon orbiculata Crassulaceae Dry areas of the southern Cape of S Africa ( photo)
Crataegus aronia Rosaceae Arid Med.areas.Fruit edible,tastes like apple.
Crataegus azarolus Rosaceae S. Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia
Crataegus brevispina Rosaceae Mediterranean
Crataegus ferganensis Rosaceae C. Asia
Crataegus microphylla Rosaceae Anatolia
Crataegus monogyna Rosaceae
Crataegus pontica Rosaceae Turkey, fruits yellow and edible
Crataegus remotilobata Rosaceae C. Asia
Crataegus songarica Rosaceae W Asia. Fruits red
Crataegus turkomanica (Rosaceae) - C Asia (photo) http://cityblumen.sitecity.ru/lalbum_0904224506.phtml?pix=35&p_ident=lalbum_0904224506.p_2904092643
Crepis rubra Compositae S Europe: S Italy to the Balkans
Crucianella maritima Rubiaceae Mediterranean coasts. Endangered in Israel
Cupressus arizonica Cupressaceae SW USA & Mexico. Mt canyons, 900-2400m. with annual rainfall of 400-600mm. Very drought tolerant.
Cupressus glabra Cupressaceae S USA: Mts of C Arizona. Distinguished from Arizona Cypress by shedding outer bark.
Cupressus goveniana Cupressaceae C & NW California. Restricted to coast ranges, 30-300m.Rare species
Cupressus macnabiana Cupressaceae California. Serpentine soils. Flat, sprayed branch arrangement unique among NA cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa Cupressaceae Wild in Monterey county, California. Widely planted in Hawai, Europe, S America, Aust & Africa for lumber, pulp production & as ornamental hedge tree.
Cupressus nevadensis Cupressaceae California
Cupressus pygmaea Cupressaceae N California. Coastal coniferous forests( inc. Redwood). Below 500m.
Cupressus sargentii Cupressaceae California. Rocky outcrops, usually on serpentine soils, 200-1000m.
Cupressus sempervirens Cupressaceae Crete,Rhodes,Turkey to Iran,naturalized in Mediterranean
Cussonia paniculata Araliaceae E.Southern Africa,Cape Province.Sheltered & exposed rocky slopes or in open grassland.Good stock food.
Cussonia spicata Araliaceae E.Southern Africa,Cape Province.Rocky outcrops,wooded grassland,montane forests.Leaves browsed by stock.Root is poisonous & used medicinally.
Cycas circinalis Cycadaceae SE India. Vegetative buds are often developed on trunk
Cyclamen cilicicum Primulaceae S Turkey
Cyclamen hederifolium Primulaceae N Med. - SE France to the Balkans & W Turkey. Med. scrub and shrubbery. Rocky places 0-1300m. Blooms usually before leaves in Autumn. Leaves ivy-like.
Cyclamen persicum Primulaceae E Med. Common and protected in Israel. Most cultivated cyclamens originate from this species
Cyclamen rhoflesianum Primulaceae Mediterranean Lybia
Cynara cardunculus Compositae Mediterranean. Progenitor of edible artichocke
Cyperus alternifolius Cyperaceae Madagascar, garden plant and escaped throughout the world
Cyperus corymbosus Cyperaceae Tropics. Very rare and endangered in Israel
Cyperus haspan Cyperaceae Indian species from which paper was manufectured as well. Hardy
Cyrtanthus mackenii Amaryllidaceae S Africa